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Case Report: Hydrocephalus as the Presenting Symptom of Sarcoidosis

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In this case report, a 53 year old African-American women presented to the emergency department with nausea and vomiting and reported fatigue, headaches, intermittent vertigo, tinnitus, and ataxia lasting a month.

A CT scan of the brain showed remarkable hydrocephalus with dilation of all 4 ventricles. A Cerebrospinal fluid was transparent and showed lymphodominant pleocytosis with increased protein levels and decreased glucose. A CT scan of the chest revealed bilateral lymphadenopathy and a biopsy showed noncaseating granulomas admixed with giant cells.

The patient was diagnosed with neurosarcoidosis with hydrocephalus

Read the full case report here.


Saban RJ, Berns MM, Al-Hakim MM, Patino GA. Hydrocephalus as the presenting symptom of sarcoidosis: a case report and review of literature. Clin Case Rep. 2020;8(2):363-368. DOI: 10.1002/ccr3.2665

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